Nutrition after surgery
Good nutrition is essential for your recovery. What you put into your body has been proven to have a significant effect on your body's ability to heal effectively and reduce infection risk. Below are some general guidelines to make the best choices for your body and your recovery.
- High fiber foods can help with your recovery and help fight conspitation
- Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, prunes
- Lean proteins can help to fuel your body with the building blocks needed to recover.
- lean pork, poultry, seafoods, tofu, lean red meat in moderation
- Healthy fats can help with vitamin absorption and energy for healing
- nuts, seeds, avocados and butter/margarine in moderation, vegetable oils
- Carbohydrates provide energy and prevent muscle breakdown
- Whole grains, pasta, breads, rice, cereals
- Alcohol can have unintended side effects while you are recovering from surgery.
- Alcohol interacts with your pain medications and can cause excessive drowsiness and respiratory depression.
- Alcohol can decrease the quality of your sleep.
- If you choose to drink alcohol, moderation and caution is recommended.
Smoking and tobacco use
- It is best if you can avoid any tobacco use for the month prior and three months after surgery
- Smoking impairs your ability to heal after all surgeries
- Smoking increases your risk of developing a post-operative infection
- If you are looking for an excuse to quit, now is the best time
- Calcium and Vitamin D are good for bone health and bone healing
- Iron helps to build new red blood cells
- Vitamin A and Zinc help with wound healing
- Vitamin C helps to build connective tissue and promotes healing
- Vitamin E is an antioxidant (avoid prior to surgery)
- A multivitamin and a balanced diet should be sufficient to provide these nutrients. Generally there is not a need to take additional supplements unless you have been diagnosed with osteoporosis or a vitamin deficiency.